Science Of Parkour Sport That Seems Reckless But Takes Poise And Skill

Films like Brick Mansions, Casino Royal, and Assassin’s Creed don’t show any science tricks. These athletes are part of a worldwide community who practice parkour, a similar activity to gymnastics that was develop from military obstacles courses. Parkour is a way to move quickly and efficiently in a complex environment.

Our research has shown that science can make parkour more efficient. This includes maximizing your landing opportunities and running up walls faster. Even if you don’t intend to play the sport, it’s still an amazing thing to see.

Traceurs Et Traceuses

Parkour is recognize as a sport in certain countries. However, it is impossible to know how many people participate worldwide. Parkour is an unorganized activity, which could be part of its subculture appeal.

Parkour athletes can appear reckless to casual observers. However, most parkour athletes train hard and practice a wide range of individual skills as they move through the environment. The sport is divide into traceurs (males) and traceuses (females).

Parkour’s individual movements are similar to other sports like gymnastics and trail running.

Parkour is a lesser-studied sport than other mainstream ones. It is regrettable because both shared the same fundamental principles for generating and redirecting momentum. All of these activities can benefit from a better understanding of them.

Run Up Walls Science

Many parkour enthusiasts are fascinated by the feat traceurs perform to climb high walls and get onto buildings. Parkour athletes use parkour to climb high buildings. They run towards the wall, kick off with one or more contacts, and then sprint toward the wall. This allows them to jump higher than a standing vertical jump and allows them to move more efficiently in urban environments.

We embedded a force plate into the ground and another force plate on the wall to see how athletes manage this wall run. Then, we filmed participants approaching the wall. We observed how the athletes used a consistent transition strategy, which relied on specific actions on the wall and floor to redirect their bodies.

Parkour guides may recommend that athletes cross the floor and wall simultaneously. However, we didn’t observe this as the traceurs left the floor before touching the wall.

Moving Science Momentum

We wanted to understand how best to place our feet on the wall and ground, as well as the effects of different approaches speeds. We created a computer simulation to optimize each.

The model matched what we had observed, which was an intermediate run-up speed. This allowed us to see why.

Horizontal momentum is the result of speed and bodyweight during the run-up. You can redirect some of that horizontal momentum to vertical momentum by keeping your leg straight on the ground. This is a bit like a pole vault using a rigid pole.

Slower approaches will result in less horizontal momentum. The take-off leg must create vertical momentum using science the leg muscles, which is less efficient.

The take-off leg must be able to absorb shocks from a fast approach. This will waste energy and negate the benefits of a slower approach. Tracers naturally choose a slow run-up speed to make it easier to scale the wall.

Higher walls may require a faster approach, but this requires the ability to generate enough leg force. Speed increases momentum, but also decreases the time it takes for the leg (or the product of force/time) to generate the impulse necessary to scale the wall.

Returning To The Ground Science

It is important to remember that what goes up must also go down. Research on traceurs jumping off walls has shown that their body mass, height, and leg power all influence the landing type they choose.

To land safely, you need to manage a variety of forces. Imagine that you are able to jump or step off an object. Your body will accelerate due to gravity. Your weight and speed determine the momentum of your body upon landing. The higher you jump from an object, the faster your landing speed will be and the more vertical momentum before landing.

Landing is all about dissipating your momentum so that the load and speed (making up the accumulated energies level) don’t exceed biological limits. This could lead to muscle tears or tendon ruptures.

You can reduce the impact of momentum on landing by increasing the duration for which landing forces are applied. Allowing the supporting joints to bend (that is, flex) over a wider range can decrease momentum.

Alternativly, you can redirect the force by turning momentum into rotational momentum using a roll. This allows force to be directed in the direction that causes least harm.

There are many strategies available for each individual depending on their body characteristics. These include height, weight and flexibility as well as bone and joint strength and muscle strength. Insufficient momentum management can lead to injury to bones and muscles.

It Is Easy To Roll Into It

Our research revealed that individuals are more likely to roll when landing at higher drops. Nine men and two women were included in our study. Their height ranged from 1.58-1.87m and their weights from 54 to 92 kg.

A two-footed landing at some heights is impossible. However, the maximum drop height in this study was only 2.4m. Some traceurs decided not to roll at this height.

Long legs allow for a slower force to be applied over a longer period of time. They flex their legs slowly to absorb momentum and we discovered evidence that shorter traceurs roll at lower heights.

People who are heavier than average have greater momentum when they drop from the same height as those who are lighter. This was a factor in the likelihood of rolling. We found that heavier athletes were more likely than lighter ones to roll when they dropped from a lower height.

The ability to manage impulse absorption through the legs of athletes with more leg power was evident up to a higher drop height. The likelihood of a roll landing at lower heights was higher for those with less explosive legs power.

Although you cannot change your height, you can increase your leg power and body mass through training. This allows you to choose a landing strategy that suits your situation, rather than trying to dissipate momentum.


Jumping For Joy Parkour Is Now Officially A Sport

It’s not just a way to test your strength and stamina, but it’s also an official sport. The official recognition of Parkour, which is a form urban acrobatics that originated in France, has made by the British sports councils. Practically, this means it can include in national education curricula and eligible for lottery funding. It also allows access to the same benefits as other major sports.

This is a major step forward in the development parkour. There are currently 35,000 traceurs (trainers) in the UK. There is no one typical traceur, participants can be from young children to people with Parkinson’s disease. And there are always new people joining the ranks.

Parkour has shown to have obvious benefits for physical health. However, research continues to show that it can also contribute to good mental health. Parkour is often practice in groups. This encourages people to interact with each other in constructive ways and offers an alternative to more destructive and dangerous group activities.

A Dangerous Sport Game

It is not the same for everyone: Some still view the sport as dangerous, unsocial, and sometimes even criminal. However, evidence suggests these fears may be unfound. Every sport has risks. In 2013, 15 people die from hill-walking injuries, while 113 were kill cycling. Every death is tragic and every precaution should taken to ensure that the activities are safe. However, there is no reason to believe that parkour is more risky than other sports.

Parkour’s core is its visceral, creative and intense connection to the environment. It’s the feeling of flesh in the city. The sport is not perform to break the law, but to get out of the everyday grind and to experience the city differently. It’s not surprising that traceurs will try to trespass in an urban environment where public space is being rapidly lost to private capital.

Parkour is not anti-social. It’s actually the exact opposite. It reaffirms people’s connection with the city, which is often lost in today’s urban chaos. Parkour is relatively unaffected by the competition and commodification. It encourages people working together, learning from each other, and reclaiming city as a common civic space.


Parkour is also the foundation of an expanding global online community. This activity is primarily practiced by young tech-savvy people who use social media to learn new moves, improve their skills and show their talent to the rest of their world. Parkour’s popularity is due to the ability to bring together their offline and online worlds.

Parkour’s two major strengths are innovation and creativity. Many online videos, Hollywood films, and computer games include the incredible physicality of parkour in their stories and imagery. Parkour is a leading sport activity that combines physical prowess with digital literacy and visual creativity.

All these reasons make parkour’s recognition in the UK by sports councils a welcome and important moment. It may make it more difficult for urban planners and local authorities to correct some of the negative actions against parkour. For example, Horsham council is planning to ban parkour from its town center. However, no parkour signs are becoming increasingly common throughout the country. Official recognition signals that such regressive policies must be stop.

Parkour is good for your mental and physical health. Parkour provides citizens with a means to resist increasing privatisation in cities all over the globe. It encourages creativity, connectivity, civic activity, and shows the amazing things that the human body can do. Parkour is a glimpse into the future of sport in many ways.


Urban Politics Of Parkour Traceurs Use Sport To Rediscover The City

Parkour as we know today is a result of the efforts of nine young Parisian men. As the Yamakasi group was known, they train together in l’art de placement, a highly structure and control method of moving. That was before the 21st century. Parkour has become a worldwide phenomenon. Traceurs are people who do parkour, which involves running, jumping and climbing in cities all over the globe, as well as places like Gaza.

Parkour has been feature in many films and television documentaries. This has helped to raise its profile and impressed millions with its grace, dynamism, and created a worldwide movement of people who want to learn these amazing moves.

Parkour is now a well-recognized sport. Many institutions offer training camps and courses, while others have built parks specifically for the purpose. It has grown from a niche activity, which many city officials considered anti-social, to an internationally recognized (and highly profitable) sport in just over a decade.

Playful Politics Parkour

Parkour always had a political component. Parkour, like other anti-social, urban activities that are widely accept around the world, such as graffiti and skateboarding, can still offer traceurs a sense rebelling against the establishment. Some city authorities are still trying to prosecute traceurs while blockbuster action films highlight parkour’s subversive side.

Parkour practitioners are actually engaging in playful urban politics. Parkour encourages people to view the city as a playground. Traceurs often refer to having parkour eyes, which allows them to see the city like a child. They view it as a playground to explore, rather than as a system of confinement.

These amazing movements demonstrate the capabilities of the human body, such as jumping over walls and rolling over concrete roofs. The city’s static, fixed, and enclose parts are contrast in early films and videos.

Parkour’s philosophy was founded on the freedom of movement that it allows. This is what makes parkour so political. It’s liberating to move around the city in ways it wasn’t meant for.

Parkour is a response to increased mobility restrictions in cities. It allows traceurs to discover their cities in a completely new way while traversing architectural restrictions like walls and fences.

Parkour’s politics are less controversial than those of other subcultures like graffiti or skateboarding, which have more subversive histories. There are many similarities between parkour and other martial art philosophies, especially when it comes down to the dedication of practitioners to training the body as well as the mind.

Parkour, despite all of this, is still politically powerful: It offers a way for cities to show their systems of control by creatively navigating the urban environment

A Social Network Parkour

Parkour is a social activity that’s intrinsically social. Although most images and videos of parkour are focused on individual practitioners, traceurs train together and practice in groups. This social aspect helps to avoid self-promotion. They might meet in parks that charge entry fees, or in more frequent hot spots, which are urban spaces that inadvertently offer the best architecture.

The Vauxhall Walls, a concrete garden that was built for a nearby tower block in London was one example of such a place. The spot was a popular parkours location in London, despite residents asking for them to leave. In 2016, however, the spot was beautified, with landscape gardens and water features. It is no longer suitable to practice parkours. This leads to other urban problems, like gentrification, which London’s Southbank skateboarders also have to deal with.

Parkour is not just about training. It also has a social component. Traceurs are often film together to share videos that can be post online. Parkour’s virtual community is vital. This allows the sport to grow to new places by allowing people the opportunity to see the moves of traceurs around the globe, and to connect with them.

Freedom From Oppression

Parkour allows people to freely move without being restrict by the rules of the city. Parkours is a social activity that brings together like-minded people and allows them to be physically active, as well as politically active, in their respective cities.

It is possible that it thrives in places where there is extreme political or social pressure. There is, for example, a flourishing parkours group among Gaza’s disenfranchised youth. Parkours is also gaining popularity in Iran, where women’s rights can be often violate.

Parkour is a way to engage with the city in a physical, emotional and social manner. You need only a pair or hands and an ability to move around the city. Parkours is a political activity.